SOYUZ - SALYUT

This was the first special postmark applied on Baikonur, though with no mention of it due to the total secrecy. This special postmark was intended to commemorate the Soyuz 4 and 5 docking while the first space mail has been delivered to Vladimir Shatalov piloting Soyuz 4. Some covers were cancelled on Baikonur and almost instantly the postmark has been delivered to Moscow where it was used to cancel around 11,000 stationary covers using 14-15.1.69 dates. To differentiate from the Baikonur cancellations the postmark was scratched in the upper side of a rocket. These covers were sold out in state press agency kiosks “SoyuzPechat” and had a purple price tag on the backside. A very limited number of covers were postmarked on four dates – 14, 15, 17, 18 January 1969 - by the members of Soviet Philatelic Society members.

Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 where to perform the first spacecraft docking and transfer of the crew from one spaceship to another while performing spacewalk. The same exercise had to be done by ill-fated Soyuz 1 piloted by Komarov and Soyuz 2 by Bykovsky, Khrunov and Yeliseyev, but due to Soyuz 1 mulfunctions Soyuz 2 flight was cancelled that eventually saved lives of the crew – the spaceship had the same landing system design.

Soyuz 3 piloted by Beregovoy had to dock to unmanned Soyuz 2 but Beregovoy failed to navigate properly due to inadequate training. Now after all the trials and errors Soyuz 4 with Vladimir Shatalov docked to Soyuz 5 and the first “space station” was established. Soyuz 5 was piloted by Commander Boris Volynov and carried flight engineers Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny Khrunov as the crew to be transferred to Soyuz 4 for reentry. With some difficulties Khrunov and Yeliseev spacewalked to Shatalov and brought him besides other goods – the first space mail. Volynov remained behind in Soyuz 5.

During Soyuz-5 reentry the service module failed to separate from the landing capsule forcing to descend upon the unpredicted trajectory with heatshield facing backwards resulting in massive overheating and circular movement. Volynov prepared for the worth. At some point due to very high temperature the service model connections broke up releasing the capsule. Unfortunately the parachute cables tangled and the soft landing rockets failed to perform in time causing Volynov severe injuries. Soyuz-5 missed the landing site by 600 kilometers. After the landing Boris Volynov and other cosmonauts were brought to report Brezhnev in Kremlin before getting any medical attention. Volynov was grounded and it took him 6 years to fly again on Soyuz-21 in 1976.

Soyuz-11 is sadly known for its tragic failure.

Original crew of Leonov, Kubasov and Pyotr Kolodin was replaced by the backup crew of Dobrovolsky, Volkov and Patsaev due to Kubasov “probable” tuberculosis (that eventually came to be false). Dobrovolsky actually replaced Shatalov who moved to command Soyuz 10. The cosmonauts successfully docked Salyut-1 station and spent there 11 days then a fire occurred. At first there were plans to abandon the station, but eventually the crew remained as planned – for 22 days.

Despite the normal reentry the crew landed “without any sign of life” – as the doctors wrote and it quickly became apparent that they had asphyxiated. The cause of the death was clear as well – breathing ventilation valve that got to be opened as the capsule separated from the service module. Despite rapid deterioration the crew tried to fix the situation but they just had no time – as later were proved by the simulations.

The root cause of the malfunction was never found, as the valve behavior could not be simulated under any conditions but the Soyuz descend module was redesigned and the crew was down to 2 cosmonauts wearing pressurized spacesuits.

Soyuz 1
Soyuz 1

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 3
Soyuz 3
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Soyuz 3
Soyuz 3

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-5
Soyuz-5

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8
Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8

Moscow official FDC

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Soyuz 6
Soyuz 6

Kaluga

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Soyuz 7
Soyuz 7

Kaluga

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Soyuz 8
Soyuz 8

Kaluga

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Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8
Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8

Panevezhe club cover

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Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8
Soyuz-6 / 7 / 8

DOC's local post NORAD tracking

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Soyuz-9
Soyuz-9

classic Soyuz official cover

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Soyuz-9
Soyuz-9

DOC's local post NORAD tracking

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Soyuz-9
Soyuz-9

crew visit at Houston, TX

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Soyuz-10
Soyuz-10
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Soyuz-10
Soyuz-10
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Soyuz-11
Soyuz-11

Swanson cachet

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Soyuz-11
Soyuz-11

Swanson cachet

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Salyut-2
Salyut-2

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz 12
Soyuz 12

Tartu club cover Note - this cover has no official postmark thus it was most probably taken from the unassigned club stock after the club was disappeared. It is not a "valid" Tartu club cover, but a place filler.

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Soyuz 12
Soyuz 12

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 12
Soyuz 12

Penevezhe club cover

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Soyuz 13
Soyuz 13
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Soyuz 13
Soyuz 13
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Soyuz 13
Soyuz 13
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Soyuz 13
Soyuz 13
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Soyuz 13
Soyuz 13
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Kosmos 557
Kosmos 557

official designation of ill-fated Salyut 3 Note the error in the cachet - it mentions Soyuz spaceship instead of Salyut

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Salyut 3
Salyut 3

W. Anklam cachet

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Salyut 3
Salyut 3

Tartu club cover

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Salyut 3
Salyut 3

Tartu club cover

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Salyut 3
Salyut 3

Lollini cachet

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Soyuz 14
Soyuz 14

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 14
Soyuz 14

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 14
Soyuz 14

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 15
Soyuz 15

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 15
Soyuz 15

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 15
Soyuz 15

W. Anklam cachet

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Salyut 4
Salyut 4

Tartu club cover

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Salyut 4
Salyut 4

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz 16
Soyuz 16

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz 16
Soyuz 16

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz 16
Soyuz 16

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 16
Soyuz 16

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 16
Soyuz 16

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 18 Tartu green
Soyuz 18 Tartu green

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 18
Soyuz 18

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 20
Soyuz 20

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-20
Soyuz-20

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-21
Soyuz-21
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Salyut 6 launch
Salyut 6 launch

September 29, 1977 IKAR club cover

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Soyuz-27
Soyuz-27

Magadan club cover

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Soyuz-26-Salyut-6-Soyuz-27
Soyuz-26-Salyut-6-Soyuz-27

Magadan club cover

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Liepaja club cover

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Progress-1
Progress-1

Liepaja club cover

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Progress-1
Progress-1

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Irkutsk club cover

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Interkosmos postmark this special postmark was prepared for this 1st Interkosmos flight and used aboard Salyut space station with the date 8-3-78 . Lately it was used on Moscow Post office and Moscow philatelic society headquarters for cancellation of newly issued FDC and souvenir cover using the date 10-3-78.

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Interkosmos postmark

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-28
Soyuz-28

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-18-1 piloted by Vasili Lazarev and Oleg Makarov was flying for only 21 minutes before the hard landing in Altai Mountains. The second stage of the rocket launcher failed to separate starting to tilt the rocket out of the planned trajectory. When the deviation was analyzed by Soyuz guidance system the automatic abort sequence was activated. At that point the spacecraft was already directed towards the Earth and the forced separation of the booster and then the descend module has considerably increased the acceleration. The crew experienced up to 26g stopping their hearts and vision.

The parachute system worked perfectly but the landing occurred on the snowy slope of the mountain while the capsule continued to roll downwards for some 1200 meters before the parachute got caught in the treetops. Actually this was the advice of the rescue instructors – not the jettison the parachute in the mountain area. As the cosmonauts were not sure about their landing zone, fearing to get to the Chinese part of Altai, Lazarev burnt the documentation.

The rescue was tricky, as there was no chance to land a helicopter on the slope. The space recovery party tried to reach the landing zone and got caught by the avalanche fortunately without any fatalities. One the next day a geologist managed to reach the cosmonauts and guided a military helicopter for extraction. 

Soyuz-17
Soyuz-17

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz-17
Soyuz-17

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz-17
Soyuz-17

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz 17
Soyuz 17

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz 17
Soyuz 17

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz 17
Soyuz 17

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 17
Soyuz 17

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz 17
Soyuz 17

Tartu club cover

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Soyuz-18-1
Soyuz-18-1

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz-18-1
Soyuz-18-1

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz-18-1
Soyuz-18-1

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz-18
Soyuz-18

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz-18
Soyuz-18

Space Voyage cachet

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Soyuz 18
Soyuz 18

W. Anklam cachet

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Soyuz-18 docking
Soyuz-18 docking
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Soyuz 28 cover with all relevant postmarks and signatures applied on the Earth after the flight. Many take those covers as flown but obviously this is a mistake. 

Soyuz 28

Aleksei Gubarev 

Vladimír Remek (Czechoslovakia)

 

Salyut 6 / EO-1

Yuri Romanenko

Georgi Grechko 

Soyuz 30

Pyotr Klimuk
Mirosław Hermaszewski (Poland)

Salyut 6 / EO-2

Vladimir Kovalyonok
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov

Soyuz 31

Valery Bykovsky
Sigmund Jähn (East Germany)

INTERKOSMOS program gave massive push for the philatelic activities as now it should also serve the increasing demand outside USSR. For the Soyuz-30 flight with Polish cosmonaut Miroslaw Hermaszewsky three new postmarks were prepared and flown to the Salyut-6 station: Soviet “Space Mail” and Polish official cancellations plus additional private souvenir cancellation – “Space Mail – Salyut-6” crafted by the Baikonur philatelic club enthusiasts. All onboard cancellations were done using Soviet and Polish official postmarks with the dates 010778 and 27--6 -78 respectively and in addition two philatelic souvenir rubber stamps were used on some covers in red and black colors. Besides the dates one of the main features of “onboard” cancellation is relatively faded inks of the postmarks.

After Soyuz-30 return to Earth many covers were cancelled by the “Space Mail” official postmark with the date of landing – 050778 plus Polish and souvenir rubber stamps. In addition the same “flown” Space Mail postmark was used in Moscow Post Office for cancellation of FDCs and new stamps with the date -5-778. Later another copy of the “Space Mail” postmark was issued for Mezhkniga to serve foreign collector’s requests. The main difference between the postmarks is the height of the numbers.

 

There was an unpleasant story connected to this flight and the “flown” covers. One of the cosmonauts took several covers that were cancelled and signed in Baikonur, issued respectable certificates signed by the USSR Consulate in Germany and commercialized them while being abroad. The fact became known to the authorities in Baikonur and led for the military court trial. These covers can be still found on the auctions around the world.

info posted on Russian Astrophilately forum by Sergey Poznakhirko

Soyuz 30 / Soyuz 31 / Salyut 6
Soyuz 30 / Soyuz 31 / Salyut 6

flown cover

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Soyuz 30
Soyuz 30

not flown cover

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Soyuz-30 fake cert.jpg
Soyuz-30
Soyuz-30

landing cover Baikonur postmark and International Spaceflights Press Center cancellation

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Soyuz-30
Soyuz-30

Space Mail flown postmark Moscow Post Office

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Soyuz-30
Soyuz-30

Space Mail Mezhkniga postmark Fleetwood cachet

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

Space Mail postmark

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

Baikonur

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

Baikonur

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

DDR cover

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

DDR cover

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Progress-2
Progress-2

Leningrad club cover

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Progress-3
Progress-3

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Magadan club cover

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Leningrad club cover Note the overprint at the bottom - Leningrad philatelic club "Mercury"

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Baikonur

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Baikonur

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Soyuz-32
Soyuz-32

Baikonur

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Progress5
Progress5

Mercury club cover

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Progress 5
Progress 5

Baikonur forged postmark

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

launch

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

in flight

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

landing

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

Liepaja club cover

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-33
Soyuz-33

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz 33
Soyuz 33

Bulgaria

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Progress-6
Progress-6

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

Liepaja club cover

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

Sverdlovsk club cover

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

launch

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

docking

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

landing

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz-34
Soyuz-34

Leningrad club cover

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Progress-7
Progress-7

Leningrad club cover

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Progress-7
Progress-7

Leningrad club cover

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Progress-7
Progress-7

Leningrad club cover

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Progress-7
Progress-7

Leningrad club cover

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Soyuz T
Soyuz T

launch

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Soyuz T
Soyuz T

docking

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Soyuz T
Soyuz T

landing

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Soyuz T-2

Yury Malyshev
Vladimir Aksyonov

 

Salyut 6 / EO-4

Leonid Popov
Valery Ryumin

Salyut 6 / EO-6

Vladimir Kovalyonok
Viktor Savinykh

Soyuz 39

Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa (Mongolia)

Soyuz 40

Leonid Popov
Dumitru Prunariu

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Soyuz-35
Soyuz-35

launch

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Soyuz-35
Soyuz-35

FDC

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Soyuz T-2
Soyuz T-2

docking

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Soyuz T-2
Soyuz T-2

serviced cover

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Soyuz-35
Soyuz-35

docking

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Soyuz-36
Soyuz-36

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz-35
Soyuz-35

landing

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Soyuz T-2
Soyuz T-2

landing

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Soyuz-37
Soyuz-37

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz-37
Soyuz-37

Liepaja club cover

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Soyuz-37
Soyuz-37

Liepaja club cover

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Soyuz-37
Soyuz-37

Liepaja club cover

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Soyuz-37
Soyuz-37

Liepaja club cover

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Salyut
Salyut

10th anniversary

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Soyuz-40
Soyuz-40

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz 40
Soyuz 40

Romania

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Soyuz T-6
Soyuz T-6

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz T-6
Soyuz T-6

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz T-6
Soyuz T-6

Baikonur - launch

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Soyuz T-6
Soyuz T-6
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Progress 13
Progress 13
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Soyuz T-6

Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
Jean-Loup Chrétien (France)

Salyut 7 / EO-1

Anatoli Berezovoy
Valentin Lebedev

Soyuz T-7

Leonid Popov
Aleksandr Serebrov
Svetlana Savitskaya

Salyut 7 - Soyuz T-6
Salyut 7 - Soyuz T-6
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Salyut 7 - Soyuz T-7
Salyut 7 - Soyuz T-7
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Salyut 7 seal .jpg

Soyuz T-13

On Feb 11, 1985 the station developed a chain power shortage and stopped to respond to the Center of Operations. The decision was made to send a repair team on board Soyuz T-13.

​​

All the guidance towards the station was done by the Anti-Missile Defense forces, they was able to put Dzhanibekov and Savinykh into 200 meters distance from Salyut 7 for the manual docking approach. The cosmonauts entered the station with gas masks and warm clothing – temperature was well below 0 C. Fortunately the atmosphere was ok, so no gas mask were needed.

In the first days only one was working in the station, the other one was in the spaceship for safety reasons. One of the biggest problems was that the whole water supply on the station was frozen – Soyuz brought water for 8 days only, Dzhanibekov and Savinykh strictly limited themselves in water to gain more time. In a couple of days cosmonauts managed to start charging the batteries and in another couple of days the most of mission critical system stared to respond. On 16th – the water system came to life - this was actually the point of reincarnation.

 

No stamps or special cancellations were issued. In June 1995 there was a 10th anniversary event for Soyuz T-13 / Salyut 7 flight. A small presentation was held in Tsiolkovsky museum in Kirov with the participants of this adventure. The cover shows commemorative overprint, special event cancellation, museum postmark and signatures of Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Victor Savinykh.

Salyut-7 Soyuz T-5 Soyuz T-7
Salyut-7 Soyuz T-5 Soyuz T-7

official FDC

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Soyuz T-7
Soyuz T-7

Dzhezkazkan

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Soyuz T-7
Soyuz T-7

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz T-8
Soyuz T-8

Baikonur

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Soyuz T-9
Soyuz T-9

Moscow FDC

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Soyuz T-9
Soyuz T-9

Baikonur

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Soyuz T-11
Soyuz T-11
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Soyuz T-11
Soyuz T-11

Murmansk club cover

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Soyuz T-11
Soyuz T-11

Murmansk club cover

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Soyuz T-12
Soyuz T-12
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Soyuz T-13
Soyuz T-13

No stamps were issued for this mission, so the author of this cover used stamps other from V. Dzhanibekov and V. Savinykh flights.

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HERITAGE

This small section will be dedicated to the commemorative events and anniversaries of Soyuz – Salyut events and cosmonauts that took part in the program. Of cause some of the cosmonauts worked on both Salyut and MIR stations so I will make up my mind where to put this or that cover trying not to create too much duplicates over the website. After looking trough the covers and postcards I figured out that the best way to present it is according to the years of issue and not to group them around specific event. Why? I will try this way and see what I get.

1970 - 1979

Soyuz 3
Soyuz 3

10th anniversary 1978

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Soyuz 3
Soyuz 3

10th anniversary 1978

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1980 - 1989

Valery Kubasov
Valery Kubasov

45th anniversary 1980

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Salyut
Salyut

10th anniversary 1981

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Soyuz 29
Soyuz 29

Dresden museum 1981

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

5th anniversary 1983

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

5th anniversary 1983

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

5th anniversary 1983

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

5th anniversary 1983

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

5th anniversary 1983

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Soyuz 9
Soyuz 9

15th anniversary 1985

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

10th anniversary 1988

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

10th anniversary 1988

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1990 - 1999

Soyuz T-13
Soyuz T-13

10th anniversary 1995

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Soyuz 40
Soyuz 40

15th anniversary 1996

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Salyut
Salyut

25th anniversary 1996 Sergey Chizhov cachet

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

20th anniversary 1998

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Soyuz-31
Soyuz-31

20th anniversary 1998

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

20th anniversary 1998

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

20th anniversary 1998

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2000 - 2009

Anatoly Filipchenko
Anatoly Filipchenko

Tiraspol (Transnistria) 2001 Anatoly Filipchenko served in Teraspol-based 684 fighter aviation regiment

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Belarus Cosmonauts
Belarus Cosmonauts

FDOI, 2002

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Soyuz 30
Soyuz 30

25th anniversary 2003

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

25th anniversary 2003

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Soyuz 31
Soyuz 31

25th anniversary 2003

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Georgy Dobrovolsky
Georgy Dobrovolsky

80th anniversary 2008

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Georgy Dobrovolsky
Georgy Dobrovolsky

80th anniversary 2008

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2010 - present

Georgy Beregovoy
Georgy Beregovoy

90th anniversary 2011

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Vladimir Lyakhov
Vladimir Lyakhov

Lugansk (Antratsit) 2011

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Georgy Grechko
Georgy Grechko

80th anniversary 2011

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Igor Volk
Igor Volk

75th anniversary 2012

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Soyuz 3
Soyuz 3

45th anniversary 2013 Donetsk (Enakievka)

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Belarus cosmonauts
Belarus cosmonauts

Belarus FDC 2014

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Boris Volynov
Boris Volynov

Cosmonauts series 2015

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V. Gorbatko
V. Gorbatko

Cosmonauts series 2015

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Vladislav Volkov
Vladislav Volkov

Cosmonauts series 2015

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Pavel Popovich
Pavel Popovich

Cosmonauts series 2015

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Space Unit
Space Unit

55th anniversary 2015

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Space Unit
Space Unit

55th anniversary 2015

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Soyuz 40
Soyuz 40

35th anniversary 2015

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WW2 monument
WW2 monument

Star City 2015

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Georgy Grechko
Georgy Grechko

85th anniversary 2016

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Soyuz 26
Soyuz 26

40th anniversary 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Vladimir Komarov
Vladimir Komarov

50th anniversary of flight 2017

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Salyut 1
Salyut 1

50th anniversary Baikonur, 2021

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Salyut 1
Salyut 1

50th anniversary Baikonur, 2021

press to zoom