Laika

Laika, launched November 3, 1957 in Sputnik-2 spacecraft, became the first living being in space and orbit Earth. The flight was a “one way ticket”, as there was no intention to return the animal to Earth, moreover – such technology did not exist those days. Laika lived several hours and died from overheating succeeding to survive 4 orbits (the plan was to keep the animal alive for around 7 days – Soviet media continued to report fair medical condition of the dog for the planned 7 days). The cause for the increased temperature laid in a faulty spacecraft design, but government commission did not believe and ordered to simulate the same conditions on Earth, killing another two dogs. Interestingly that the fact of launching the first living creature into space at first has been basically underestimated in USSR, but turned to be a huge sensation in West.

Vinnitsa
Vinnitsa
Liepaja
Liepaja
Magadan
Magadan
Arkhangelsk
Arkhangelsk
2017 - Moscow
2017 - Moscow

60th anniversary

2017 - Moscow
2017 - Moscow

60th anniversary

Laika card.jpg

Belka and Strelka

Belka and Strelka were the first living creatures to orbit and successfully return to Earth. Launched on August 19, 1960 in a Spurnik-5 spacecraft (that actually was a second prototype of Vostok manned spaceship - Vostok 1K №2), the dogs completed 17 orbits and 25 hours in space. The main idea of the flight was to ensure living being survival in space and successful de-orbiting and landing. The most challenging was to train the animals to keep still in the narrow space for a long time. Some of the trainees remained in the capsule for 8 days. Meanwhile the couple of most successful dogs – Markiza and Albina became Belka and Strelka (the change was ordered by Marshall Nedelin, as he did not like their “western” style names). The flight was a huge success widely promoted in the media. The dogs became heroes, lived long lives and bred.

Kaluga
Kaluga

Belka and Strelka official cover

Shaulai
Shaulai
Perm
Perm
Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk
Perm
Perm

2nd anniversary

Vinnitsa
Vinnitsa

vignette full sheet

Vinnitsa
Vinnitsa

vignette full sheet

Vilnius
Vilnius

3rd spaceship Vostok 1K №2 with Belka and Strelka

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan

special cancellation

Moscow
Moscow

50th anniversary of Belka and Strelka flight - official First Day cancellation

Star City
Star City

50th anniversary of Belka and Strelka flight on Vostok 1K №2 spaceship

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk

the kids monument for Belka and Strelka

Chernushka, Zvezdochka & others

Chernushka and Zvezdochka made their flights in 4th and 5th spaceships (Vostok 3KA № 1 and Vostok 3KA № 2), March 9 and March 25, 1961. They were the most important milestones before Gagarin flight, testing the final Vostok spaceship prototype to a full success that enable to get a green light for a first manned flight – Vostok 3A № 3). Korolev decided to have 2 successful flights in a row using Vostok 3KA spaceship before the manned flight. From the previous five launches the only success was Sputnik-5 with Belka and Strelka. Mar 9, 1961 – full production Vostok 3KA №1 was launched. Spaceship carried dog Chernushka (Blacky) and human dummy called Ivan Ivanovich. The dummy was inhabited by guinea pigs and various bio-organisms. The capsule safely landed after one revolution near Kuibyshev.

Mar 25, 1961 – second production ship Vostok 3KA №2 – basically this was the general rehearsal before the manned flights. Same profile as the flight before – dog Zvezdochka (Tiny Star) with human dummy + guinea pigs and other creatures. Everything went as planned and the capsule safely landed near Izhevsk.

The flight of biological satellite Cosmos-110 with two dogs – Ugolek and Veterok (Charcoal and Breeze) was probably the most complex space animal experiment ever conducted. The program started 2 years before the launch that happened on February 22, 1966. The target was to test the influence of the long duration space flight on the living creature for the 22 days with all kinds of onboard testing and data collection. The dogs went through the extensive surgery for various sensors implantations and feeding catheters insertion. 30 dogs were prepared for the initial training, as they had to stay aboard in almost constant position without water, using only internal feeding system. Ugolek and Veterok landed on March 17, 1966. The dogs were in very poor condition and went through extensive rehabilitation process. Experiment was a success and paved the way to a first long duration flight of 18 days onboard Soyuz-9.

Baku
Baku

4th spaceship 1st anniversary

Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad

4th spaceship 1st anniversary

Minsk
Minsk

4th spaceship 1st anniversary

Taganrog
Taganrog

4th spaceship 2nd anniversary

Taganrog
Taganrog

2nd anniversary of Zvezdochka flight 5th spaceship

Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk

Zvezdochka flight 5th spaceship

Baku
Baku

Zvezdochka flight 5th spaceship

Star City
Star City

July 28, 1960 – first preproduction spaceship launch – Vostok 1K №1 with 2 dogs, Lisichka and Chaika (Foxy and Seagull). The launch was unsuccessful. – the rocket exploded shortly, destroying the ship and the creatures on board.

Star City
Star City

Dec 1, 1960 – third launch of Vostok 1K №3 with dogs Pchelka and Mushka (Bee and Fly), various biological organisms including human tissues – focusing on research of space impact on human health. The main goal was fully achieved, but during landing, the capsule was destroyed killing the dogs.

Star City
Star City

Dec 22, 1960 – forth Vostok 1K №4 was launched with space dogs – Kometa and Shutka (Comet and Joke). The rocket was destroyed during the launch, but the escape system worked perfectly – bringing dogs in the capsule to Earth safe and alive.

Star City
Star City

50th anniversary of Chernushka flight

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk

50th anniversary of Chernushka flight

Star City
Star City

50th anniversary of Zvezdochka flight

Izhevsk
Izhevsk

45th anniversary of Zvezdochka flight

50th anniversary of Ugolek and Veterok flight Cosmos-110